The Kingdom of Morocco is filled with cultural and natural treasures that will not disappoint even the most adventurous traveler. Morocco's fascinating medieval cities like Marrakech and Fez lie in between the great Sahara Desert and the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlas Mountains make up the backbone of Morocco, this is where traditional Berber culture still thrives today.
Morocco is the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Mediterranean Sea in the north and beautiful golden beaches. Nature has made Morocco one of the most beautiful countries in the world with its
four mountain ranges with waterfalls and permanent snow on the peaks, centennial pine forests at the foot, vast plains covered with tangerine and orange trees, rivers flowing along the edge of
the desert and the gorges of the mountains. Morocco is a holiday for everyone.
Vegetation has a Mediterranean character. The Atlantic coast is known for cork oak forests; the mountains - for holly oaks and giant cedars. On the dry southern slopes, are Berber thujas and junipers; on the plains - steppes with dwarf palms; and along springs and rivers - oases with date palms.
The length of the Mediterranean coast is about 450 km. There are many coves and rocky headlands. The coastal line of the Atlantic Ocean is more than 1,300 km. One-third of the country is occupied by the Atlas Mountains, where the highest peak of North Africa, Toubkal (4,165 m), is situated. To the south of these mountains, are desert plains of the Sahara, including the islands of green oases.
Morocco has a rich history. In the XII century B.C., the coast of the country was colonized by the Phoenicians. Later it belonged to Carthage, and from 1st century B.C. - to the Roman Empire. Morocco was ruled by the Vandals, Byzantines, and since VII century was part of the Arab Caliphate. In the XI century, the southern part of Morocco was the Berber Almoravid dynasty - the most powerful state at the time. The period
Location: Morocco is in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara; see map
Area: Morocco covers 446,550 sq km of land, slightly larger than California, and slightly smaller than Spain.
Capital City: Rabat
Population: Just over 32 million people live in Morocco.
Language: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, and French which is often the language of business, government, and diplomacy.
Religion: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%
Climate: Hot summers (June - September) and cool to cold winters (especially in the Atlas Mountains). Avoid the desert during the summer months and watch out for sand storms February to April. More about Morocco's climate and average temperatures...
When to Go: May to October for the beaches; November to April for the desert; April to October for the mountains, March to June and September to November to explore the imperial cities like Marrakech and Fes. More about "Best Time to Go to Morocco".
Currency: Moroccan Dirham, Click here for currency converter.
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